Epic Data Day

Part 1-

Because that’s all I have to do…

Scratch designers consider learning to be some kind of learning of technological literacy, specifically in the form of code. They seem to think that learning is best achieved through experimentation, trial and error. I am learning just how frustrating the next generation will be. I say this, as I do not have very much literacy when it comes to technology, but they will. If this is the kind of game that they are playing in their spare time, and the kind of thing that they are also learning in school, they will know much more than I do. I did not expect to learn anything, as I didn’t really understand what it was. I did end up learning that this is very frustrating, but also fairly easy once a basic understanding is achieved. The designers of Scratch value the understanding of coding and technology as learning, and understanding. Coding is especially valued in today’s society as most of everything that we do is online. We can see this in the new GE Commercial, when the newly hired programer is expected to be a different kind of thing. It is seen as funny because we understand that it is much more likely for a programer to be hired now than some industrial worker.


Data Day 9

Level 1

Screen Shot 2015-11-12 at 2.02.18 PM

Level 2

I would want to find out why certain things are visualized as larger, and certain ones as smaller, and what the relation is to me and each of the tweets that are actually shown.

Question 1: Why are certain tweets visualized as larger or smaller for your particular shot?


  • The number of “Likes” the tweets get. But then wonder why it was “liked”: funny, relevant, WHY?
  • Amanda: has to do with who tweets more, who gets more likes, retweets, more interaction
  • Most likes, notes, more attention
  • Sara: my interaction with those tweets or people
  • Mine: Random algorithm

Question 2: What is your relation to the tweets that are larger vs. the ones that are smaller?


  • I keep popping up. @npfannen smaller, more frequent, larger with less frequency
  • Amanda: Bigger ones are images that get more attention.
  • some are about the actual class, thought there would be more of the silly ones
  • Sara: the ones I like or interact with more are larger
  • Mine: none, actually. I am strangely popping up a lot.


I made these questions because this site REALLY confuses me! It seems like it should have rationale, but it doesn’t seem like it actually does. So, I was interested in seeing what other people’s ideas where.

Level 3

Because often we talk to the people at our table a lot more than we do other tables, so it doesn’t give us a complete picture of what the whole class believes.

There aren’t very many implications that matter. All of the information is just out there, so does it really matter if we are looking at it? I don’t think so. If it was more private information, maybe there would be more problems with it. But as public information, it doesn’t seem unethical to be looking at and researching what we are, and specifically this particular thing.

I don’t really mind people studying me, when I know that they are studying me, and know what it’s for. When I don’t know the researcher, I am much more hesitant about answering because I don’t know what they will really do with the answers.

Data Day 8

Level 1-



Level 2-

Making and drawing influenced my understanding of discursive practices by pointing out specific examples of how they work both theoretically and practically.

Level 3-

Rhetoric and discursive practices were represented through imagery of “inside” and “outside” as well as actual rhetorical definitions. Through the imagery, I was able to understand how to start thinking about being an insider or an outsider, and through bullet pointed definitions or examples, the idea became clearer. She also used generic colors and did not make anything overly complicated, making it easy to follow her though process and understanding.

Discursive practices of the class were represented through reasons and bullet pointed items that only those who are in the class could understand, and bullet pointed questions or reactions by those who are not in the class.

Her representation is very similar to mine in that we both use mostly words rather than pictures to show the kinds of things that the class identifies with, and outsiders do not understand. It is different in that I make jokes and poke fun at the ideas rather than taking them entirely seriously as she does. Mostly the differences were just in representation, not as much in interpretation or understanding of the ideas. We simply have different styles of representing the same thing.

Data Day 7

Level 1

NAU petition site

Level 2

As part of the actual NAU.edu site, my site is built into campus politics. Similar to WeThePeople, it goes directly to the campus Senate to be voted on and passed/declined. My site is about as user friendly as the actual NAU site, and has the same kind of homepage. This makes the students feel more at home, and like the petitions will actually reach the desk of the president as it is more official.

  • because the site is a plug-in, it would draw administrative attention necessarily, and force them to pay attention.
  • the students/staff/faculty would sign by first signing in with their NAU ID and password, and then proceeding to read more about the petition and sign with their NAU ID and password again. This ensures that there is no fraud happening in the signing process.
  • Students/staff/faculty would learn about petitions through the link on the nau.edu homepage, and could learn more about each petition through the “Current Petitions” button. After signing a petition, petitioners can also share via social media that they signed and what/why they signed. This ensures that the maximum amount of people can hear about it.
  • Any student/staff/faculty can start a petition with their NAU ID and password
  • Each petition needs 10 signatures to be passed onto the Senate who will vote on it from there
  • I chose this approach because in a college setting, I believe that only an official petition would actually be heard by the policy makers. Successful petitioning is one in where the majority vote is acted upon.

Level Three

A faux case could be a petition for more parking on campus. The original petitioner (OP) would click the “Start a Petition” button. From there, they would be directed to an “About” page where they would explain the what and why of the petition and tag it with keywords. From there, the site would recommend any relevant previous petitions and offer a “continue with my petition” button (several pages down, to where they have to click through all of the suggested petitions before being able to continue (this ensures that they know all of the previous attempts and why they failed/succeeded)). After that, they will sign (yes, they sign their own petition), and be able to share the petition via any form of social media. Once 10 people have also signed the petition, the petition will reach the desk of the NAU Senate who will then vote on whether or not to proceed with the process. If they vote no, the OP will be informed that it did not pass, with a brief summary of why not. If they vote yes, the OP will be informed that it did pass, and the next steps for helping NAU achieve the OP’s goals. The NAU senate will then proceed to talk to the president and relevant people to make the petitioned action happen.

Level Four

I learned that designing a website gets easier with practice. Bright colors are not always the best thing, nor is bold font, but rather a balance that draws the viewers eye to what you want them to see. I learned that it could potentially be really easy to be a clictivist, but at the same time, depending on the user friendliness of the site, it could also be very difficult. If you are doing it in an attempt to be better informed and actually change the world for the good, even slight blocks in the road could be seen as learning tools; however, if you are doing it in an attempt to simply be a whistle-blower and don’t really want to follow through or accept the consequences of your actions, learning more through roadblocks is just a frustration. Online petitions all work differently, but could potentially be a good idea. In the case of WeThePeople, I think it is one of the best ways that the White House could hear the voice of the people. But, in the case of Change, I think that I would categorize “petitioning” under whistle-blowing. Everything matters in politics, and petition sites could be a big influence in politics of the future. Large petitions that have many votes should gain attention, but should also be weighed against costs and be tested to see how much of the population agrees with it.

Data Day 6

Level 1

Question: What is your favorite cartoon?

Level 2

  • Sarah- The Lion King
  • Kim- Spongebob
  • Vicky- Xin pu Sen
  • Damian- Pokemon
  • Tarran- Jo-Jo’s bazaar adventure
  • Amanda- Steven Universe
  • Josie- Tom and Jerry
  • Kayce- Powerpuff Girls
  • Brittany- Pokemon
  • Kirk- yu-gi-oh
  • christine- avatar- last airbender
  • chelsea- calvin and hobbes
  • nate- steven universe
  • kayla- meet the robinsons
  • nathanial- adventure time
  • nicole- Dispicable me

Level 3


Level 4

  1.  I chose to put each kind of cartoon into separate bubbles, so we have three: Disney, Cartoon Network, and Foreign Cartoons. Each bubble had a different color, and each line and personal bubble correspond to the color of the particular kind of cartoon. The lines are also thinner or thicker depending on how well I know/how often I talk to that person. The personal bubbles are also related magnetically closer or further away from me based on the same thing.
  2. The lines are the same color as the kind of cartoon that each person likes, they are also thinner or thicker based on how close my relationship is with each person (relatively).
  3. One can infer that I have very little connection to foreign cartoons, and most of the people who like them. One could also infer that I like Disney much more, and Cartoon Network somewhere in the middle. My relationships with the people who like those kinds of cartoons are also reflective of my liking or disliking of the cartoon.
  4. My map reveals that we have very limited interests. Since all of the cartoon preferences can come down to three main genre’s.
  5. I don’t know very much about other people’s connections other than simply my connection with them. This is evident in the fact that I did not put any lines between other people. Even my connections with the people are limited mostly to this class, so I am not able to make very good judgement calls on how far away or close to put their personal bubble to mine.

Data Day 5 Part 2

Level 4 (and Bonus)-

1- WordFrequency

2- Vampire Venn Diagram

3- IndianNovel

Level 5-

Choices on Visualization 1-

  • Choosing a word frequency visualization influences the viewers to simply know facts about certain words used in the article. On the other hand, it also helps the viewers to make meaning by helping them to focus on key words that showed what the article was about.
  • The choices made in this visualization determine an audience that knows what the article is about. Without prior knowledge of the article itself, the audience would not be able to make meaning out of the data represented.
  • The choice of specific words and making the bubble around them smaller or larger reflects  the number of times they were used in the article. It helps the reader to understand what is important in the article and focus on it in their reading.
  • This visualization helps the viewer to see how many times particular words were used in a kind of word bubble technique, without actually being a word bubble technique. It gives a picture to show the key words in the article to help guide their reading.
  • The persuasive effect of this visual is the opposite of what the writers of the article were trying to get at. While they attempted to show how outraged parents are by telling about how they are protesting, their more frequent use of other key words helps the reader to sympathize more with the children (used 4 times) than the parents (used 2 times).
  • The underlying assumptions that influenced my interpretation was that the more frequently used words would be the more important factors in the article. This “interfered” with interpreting the data the way that perhaps the writer would have wanted.
  • Different design choices would have helped humanists uncover what exactly the writer was getting at when they were writing this particular article.

Choices on Visualization 2-

  • The choices I made with the Venn diagram influences the viewers to know my personal opinion. The color choices also are a rhetorical choice, showing a common color related to those particular words (for me).
  • My choices determine a particular audience who agree’s with me. Those who do not agree with me would speak out against my particular choice.
  • My choices reflect the culture shortly after “Twilight” was released and the culture “got over” it. The particular word choice reflects this culture of anti-vampire-teen-novels.
  • My visualizations draw attention to the reaction of the culture during the fall of vampire fiction. It shows rhetorically how simplified the thinking is around the culture of these novels.
  • The persuasive effect of this visualization is that it connects colors with words in a form that many people understand (venn diagram). This again, shows the simplified version of reality that exists in this culture. It is intended to divert people away from the culture that exists in vampire-teen novels, and encourage them to be more interesting.
  • The underlying assumptions that influenced my interpretation were the assumptions that everyone would know a Venn diagram and how to read it, as well as the assumption that everyone was familiar, even at a base level, with the cultural phenomena surrounding the release and decline of “Twilight” and other vampire novels.
  • Humanists have the ability to look at people and understand what they are thinking. Because of this, every design choice has many possible interpretations, and each one, for the most part, is equally correct.

Choices on Visualization 3-

  • The choices we made on this visualization would help the viewer understand a few facts about the author as well as a little bit about the book. It is very plain, so it could imply either a dry article, or a dry book.
  • The choices determine an audience that does not know anything about the author or the work. By focusing solely on the author’s works and the basic plot line, we imply that the reader has not ever heard of either the author or the book.
  • For this topic, the choices seemed natural. Because the article had one paragraph about the author and the other about the book, it seemed natural to focus primarily on base facts.
  • This visualization helps the viewer to know what to expect if they read the novel it was based on. It implies a dry read because it is simply black and red (the easiest colors to click on).
  • The persuasive effect of this visualization is that the reader feels compelled to read the novel. Because it shows how important and good a writer the author is, it encourages the reader to think that this novel will be good.
  • The underlying assumption that influenced my interpretation was that the viewers would not know about the author of the book. This resulted in a mere fact sheet.
  • Different design choices help humanists to be able to understand fully the data before them. This particular one should suggest that we knew nothing more about the author or novel other than what was given in the article.

Data Day 5 Levels 1-2

Three news articles:

1) In Middle Earth, much is going on. The Hobbits have returned to the Shire where they plan to lead a normal life with no more adventures. Of course, their new political ideas are fueling a new form of politics in the Shire. We will see in the upcoming elections what happens with that. Aragorn and Arawen are getting married in two weeks under the white tree of Gondor.

Legolas has given us the inside scoop on the upcoming celebration: “We have prepared the whole of the upper tower of Minas Tirith for a feast. Everyone who is anyone has been invited, including my father.” Sounds like some family drama might happen there! But the best man (elf) is ready to take on his responsibilities. Let’s hope that the groom is too!

2) Doctors Without Borders has been in the news lately, and not for all the good that they have done across the world. Of the hundreds of sites they hold across countless countries, they have one site in Afghanistan that was recently affected. This past week, a nonprofit hospital was hit by an airstrike, which has been confusing lots of people. Twenty-two people were killed from the attack, currently being deemed a “mistake within the U.S. chain of command.”

Doctors Without Borders has been calling the strike a “war crime,” and is requesting that there be an independent investigation into exactly what went down, and why on earth a hospital would be caught in the middle of everything. Yesterday, President Obama called the head of Doctors Without Borders and apologized.

3) This past Tuesday, the Supreme Court started its new term. Everyone is standing on their toes, waiting in anticipation for what decision the Supremes will bring to the table and make final choices about. Issues that are expected to be covered include: affirmative action and whether it is okay for colleges to consider race in the admissions process; union dues and whether public employees should be required to pay them; and abortion and whether states can place strict requirements on clinics performing them.

One thing the Supremes will not be giving their time to is insider trading. It was announced that they will not be reviewing a decision from a lower court that made it harder to prosecute Gordon Gekkos.

Data Day 4

Level 1

The purpose of this social space is to be an interactive site in which you can also order food. It is interactive insofar as it enables you to find current friends, make new friends, interact with other users, create your own profile, and interact with the system and site through interactivity. Its main functions are helping people learn about menu items at any and all restaurants, helping customers decide what to order, helping customers develop relationships with other users, be a quick and easy way to order their favorite (or new) dishes.

The three main affordances in the website are the ordering of food, following friends orders, and making their own favorite orders. These are merely the main affordances; it also affords new relationships between groups of people, and learning about dishes that are new to the person.

The underlying metaphor is that of a diner. The homepage has the layout of a diner counter, in which the user has the ability to track their own order, can easily find their profile, see friends profiles, order, see menu items from any restaurant, see the menu items that are trending, and talk to their friends. One of the main metaphors is that of the sweet diner lady. She is part of the interactivity in that she is also the button for placing one’s order. The scruffy cook is also an interactive button that one can see any food by clicking on him. Another one of the pieces of the metaphor are the tags hanging down. Like kitchen order tags, the tags depict different kinds of food that are possible. We picked this metaphor because the diner is fairly common across the whole of the country, and it is known for its diverse and popular food choices. It also has certain stereotypes that we could play off of, such as the sweet diner waitress and the scruffy cook. The diner counter also gave us lots of material to work with for interactivity.

The main sensory element is the pictures. Because many times people would love to see what exactly their food looks like, we decided that always having pictures of the food would be a good idea. Another sensory element that we incorporated was an interactive system behind the counter that would change theme depending on the kind of food that was chosen. For example, if one were to choose American food, the background would stay the same, however, if one were to choose Chinese the waitress would change ethnicities and the background would change to a bright red with a yellow dragon behind it. While encouraging stereotypes, this kind of interaction is not only fun for the users, but also helps them to feel like the site is more real.

Other interactivity in the site includes one’s avatar. When the user logs on for the first time, they set up their profile, which includes a basic About, and an avatar. When they are logged on, their avatar sits in the far left chair, nearest the waitress. As the user progresses, they can add friends and chat with friends, follow people’s favorite dishes, and much more. All of these show up in particular places on the user’s homepage. This includes their friend’s avatars sitting in the stools next to them if they are chatting with them. And of course, the main interactivity of the site is the waitress as the ordering button and the cook as the picture folder.

Level 2-

Website design

This space is an interesting concept. It would depend on how well it actually worked in the real world if I would use it. It would have the potential to actually replace restaurants if utilized well. When designing this site, we catered particularly to an American audience. Focusing our attention on foodies, and those between 18 and 30. This audience helped us to choose pictures instead of many words, as well as the chat capabilities.

Level 4-

The sensory elements especially present in this web-space are motion, aesthetics, and ambiguity. We would involve motion in all of the “clicks” on any pictures (popping up larger), on friends chat (avatar joining you in the diner), a barely perceptible click on the waitress, but an enlarging of whatever dish one has selected. This kind of motion would barely be perceptible, but it would encourage a more interactive site. The mind also processes the click better when there is a visual attached to it. It makes the user feel like the site is less of a site and more of an encounter, thus making it more user friendly and encouraging people to come back and recommend it to friends.

Aesthetics can be seen especially in the changing, interactive background. It encourages cultural diversity by changing to the kind of atmosphere one would have if in an actual restaurant of that genre. The kinds of colors used would reflect those used in actual restaurant of that genre, and the ethnicity of the waitress would change as well. This would encourage the idea in the users that that are experiencing a restaurant like experience, and hopefully encourage them to come back to the site. People go to restaurants not only for the food, but sometimes for the atmosphere as well. This means that in a site attempting to bring the restaurant to one’s own living room, the aesthetics must help the user feel like they are actually in a restaurant.

Ambiguity can be seen in the featured section at the bottom of the screen. The featured menu items would merely be those that have the most favorites, rather than being tailored to the particular user. One can also see ambiguity in the “find friends” section of the space. Here, recommendations would be listed for potential friends, but it would not necessarily reflect any actual personal connection with the recommended person, it would merely be based off of other friends as well as favorite dishes. This ambiguity helps the user to see the site as a place that is as unpredictable as the real world, and could even help inspire new relationships between people. Rather than being a perfect site with no problems or bugs, this small ambiguity would encourage users to see the site as part of the world rather than just a machine.

Level 5-

Website design

Level 6-

The interacting of this button helps the metaphorical waitress to look autonomous. Of course with paper there was only so much we could do, however, on screen, once pressed, the waitress could write down the order on the notepad in her hand. This action would make that particular button look autonomous: achieving her own goals rather than the users, and help her work more like a real waitress would, thus encouraging that metaphor in the user’s mind.

Data Day 3

Level One-

My fundamental worldview is that of a Catholic. If one actually understands the basic premises of Catholicism, one would understand exactly what that means. However, since most people do not actually know what Catholicism is and what we stand for, I will explain. I believe in freedom for all people. But not a freedom from, necessarily, but a freedom for the good. A perfect freedom that enables all humans to live equally as humans. A freedom that promotes the good of all people, and enables them to live out, as Aristotle would say, their “perfect reason.” I believe we were made to live in community with the family being the immediate basis of that community; the cornerstone that holds everything together. I believe that all people were created for a purpose: to know, love, and serve God, and that that is how one expresses their humanity fully. Through reasoning to the truth, one finds purpose in life and reason in death. All people are here for a reason, and all people have an end. I believe that there is a God that loves us and does everything that He does because he loves us. I believe in self defense, in defense of the innocent, that there is no perfect economy, and in helping the poor.

This is my worldview as both an academic an a humanities student. There is no gap in my views, and there is no separation between my world view and humanities world view.

This clearly impacts my site selection, as it is an American military spouse blog. As I am an American Military Spouse and have a similar world view, in many ways, to that of my subjects, I feel an attachment to those wives, even though I have never, and probably will never actually meet them. This could effect my research project because I will take into consideration the potential impact of my words on their lives. I also will look at them more vulnerably because I feel more like a member of their group than an outside researcher.

Level Two-

A study that would clearly violate key guiding principles would potentially be one on a site for women who have had abortions. The study would ensure that their full name was clearly published as a person who has had an abortion. The women would also have to give a concise description of everything leading up to the abortion, the abortion itself, and the effects they felt coming away from the abortion. The questions would be pointed and driven to make the women feel a particular emotion, and would be formatted to see how the women reacted to the questions.

Level Three-

410 Comic

Because clearly I am a middle aged, judgmental white man, and the rest of my colleagues are short black women.

Level Four-

1- Ethics in humanities guides how we conduct ourselves, our research, and our findings. Everything that we ought to do revolves around treating each person and subject as a person, rather than merely the object of our research.

2- Even on the internet, people still need to be treated as people.

3- It reminds me to be careful of what kind of bias ends up in the research findings and how I present the results. Especially because my results too will be on the internet and what I say about what other people have said has potentially infinite impact on both of our lives. It also reminded me of the potential for bias in creating research questions in the first place.

4- As stated above, it will help me to remember to keep in mind the impact on mine and other people’s lives, as well as potential bias in creating research questions, collecting, and presenting my data.